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   Inbreeding ~ a chapter
    from the forthcoming book
    "Bloodlines N Pedigrees"


THE WORKING LINES:

   COPPERBOTTOM  new
        A Lost Bloodline

   REY JAY  part 1  part 2

   UNIKIA ~
        The Legend of Unikia

   HARLAN ~ part 1  part 2
       
Dixie Beach's Last Foal


Triple Cutter Bill

Triple Cutter Bill in 2006

Triple Cutter Bill moves to Texas and his historic roots!

NEWS FLASH!

He has been leased from Larry by the Burgess-Herring Ranch of Stinnett, Texas. The Herring Ranch was founded by C. T. Herring.

It was Herring that turned Golden Chief over to R. L. Underwood. Golden Chief was the foundation sire for Underwood's Copperbottom breeding program. Thus the Herring Ranch is the original home of Golden Chief.

Triple will be used by C. C. Burgess, Burgess-Herring Ranch owner and Jim Scudday, Burgess-Herring Ranch manager to reintroduce the Golden Chief blood back into their breeding program.


FLASH! Larry's next book,
"Bloodlines N Pedigrees" is scheduled for printing SOON!  Watch for more information here.

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"The Working Lines" Volume I and Volume II can be purchased from Southern Publishing: 1-800-647-6672

The WORKING LINES

The Legend of Unikia

by Larry Thornton

(c) Copyright 2005. All rights reserved. Reprint permission must be in writing.

Roman Mac ~ son of Unikia bred and owned by Frank Clark.

Roman Mac, son of Unikia, bred and owned by Frank Clark.

When I moved into the Russellville, Arkansas area several years ago, I immediately started hearing about a variety of horses that seemed to be legendary in there status for this area. One of those legends was a stallion with the unique name of Unikia. When you take a look at the pedigree of Unikia, you find a stallion that comes from the family of the great Lady Coolidge and Dixie Beach, the famous daughters of Mayflower. This is the family that has produced or influenced such individuals as Bert P-227, Little Jodie, Bueno Chex, Harlan and Paul A. With this in mind let’s take a look at this stallion and how one breeder is striving to preserve the blood of this great stallion and his ties to Lady Coolidge and Dixie Beach.

Unikia was a grey stallion foaled in 1956. His breeder was O. D. Marler of Tulsa, Oklahoma. He was listed in the AQHA Stud Book as owned by Bill Taylor of Choteau, Oklahoma. He later became the property of Raymond Newton a ranching entrepreneur from Dardanelle, Arkansas.

A recent interview with Mr. Newton tells us how he came to own Unikia. He told the story this way, "I had a bull rider that used to work for me and he came from Westville, Oklahoma and we were trying to train some cutting horses. Well what I had at the time wasn’t what you needed if you wanted a top cutting horse or cow horse. Well the bull rider tells me that I need to go see Johnny Jones, a Fayetteville, Arkansas used car dealer. He told me that Jones had a gray horse and he had never seen anything like him."

Newton continued, "Unikia was a young horse that Jones had bought from John D. Askew also of Fayetteville. Askew was a buddy of the Tales of Wells Fargo T. V. star Dale Robertson. I had seen Askew and Robertson at the sales together and I think Robertson must have gotten Askew interested in running horses, so he had a sale. He owned both Unikia and his full sister Roany Bert. So he decided to sell and Johnny Jones bought Unikia and a lawyer from Sperry, Oklahoma bought Roany Bert." (The Lawyer was Al Knight.)

The Askew sale was held on August 29, 1960. They sold 52 head including Unikia, who was lot number 2 in the sale. He was advertised in the sale as a winning cutting horse. The selling price was $3500. Askew had bought Unikia and his sister Roany Bert from Bill Taylor, the owner of Unikia listed in the AQHA Stud Book.

"Anyway Johnny carried this horse to a few shows and then he decided to sell and this is when the bull rider told me about him. Boy was he a pretty young horse. I never will forget it. I went by Johnny’s, he had a used car lot. He told me that the horse was over at Cincinnati at his father’s farm. He went with me to look at the horse. He said, ‘You can take him and try him if you want to.’ Just like that. Anyway he had an own daughter of King P-234 and I bought both of them," concluded Newton about how he came to own Unikia.

Newton bought Unikia in the fall of 1964. He reports that they only carried him to only one major cutting and the rest were just unsanctioned cuttings in Arkansas, which were common in this area during this time period. Unikia’s primary job was to cut and move cattle in the day to day activities of the Newton cattle business. They were still working cattle with this good gray stallion when he was 21 years old. They even legged him up at the age of 21 for a show in Boonville, Arkansas.

One of the interesting facts about Unikia and his life with Raymond Newton was that several people offered to buy the horse. One of those offers came from Pat Jones, the father of current Dallas Cowboy’s owner Jerry Jones. Newton did turn all of these offers down except one. He sold Unikia to Bob Hurley of Clarksville, Arkansas, but later bought him back.

Raymond Newton had a young man working for him when Unikia arrived on the scene by the name of Frank Clark. Clark was a young man learning the horse and cattle business while working for Mr. Newton. Clark would start working for Newton when he was 13 years old and spend 27 years working for him. It is through Frank Clark that we continue our story and the perpetuation of the blood of Unikia.

Clark recently recalled his first experience with what he called the Lady Coolidge/Dixie Beach bred horses, "My first registered horse was a Tom Benear gelding. (Tom Benear was a full brother in blood to Bert P-227 being sired by Tommy Clegg and out of Dixie Beach.) He was a big stout horse. The people that broke him for me and put a real good handle on him wanted to rein with him. Back then I was into the Junior Mounted Patrol at Russellville and he was my mounted patrol horse. He was a level headed quite horse that you could do anything you wanted on him. I used him on the place to gather cattle. I did everything we had to do with him."

He added, "This was my first recollection of the Lady Coolidge/Dixie Beach bred horses and then Unikia came along. Raymond had another Bert bred horse, Breeze Bert and these Lady Coolidge/Dixie Beach bred horses made a big impact on me. They are the family of horses that I became involved with and been around."

Clark’s appreciation of the Lady Coolidge/Dixie Beach bred horses brought him into contact with one of the great breeding patterns found in the history of the quarter horse. These two mares have come down through our Quarter Horse history to become a valued influence on the performance quarter horse and they are often found together in the same pedigree. These two mares were sired by Beetch’s Yellow Jacket, a son of Yellow Wolf by Old Joe Bailey. The dam of Beetch’s Yellow Jacket was a mare by Yellow Jacket. Both Yellow Jacket and Yellow Wolf were prominent sires on the Waggoner Ranch of Vernon, Texas. The Waggoner Ranch was home to such noted horses as Poco Bueno, Pretty Boy, Pretty Buck and many more to numerous to mentions here.

Mayflower was the dam of these two great mares. She was sired by Nail Driver and out of Snip. The pedigree ends after these two horses. Mayflower and Beetch’s Yellow Jacket were owned by Mike Beetch and his son Harlan Beetch of Lawton, Ok. The Beetch’s were horse traders. The Beetch’s had what Franklin Reynold’s calls in his story, "Mayflower, Grandam of Bert and Matriarch of the Breed, (THE QUARTER HORSE JOURNAL, October and November 1957) as "a road wagon camp" that allowed the Beetch family to accompany him on his horse buying and selling trips. A picture of the Beetch’s road camp with its livestock and wagons can be found with the Reynolds’ story on Mayflower. The picture shows various family members and employees that traveled with the Beetch’s. Mayflower and Beetch’s Yellow Jacket were both raced by Mike Beetch. Beetch’s Yellow Jacket was raced 25 times with 24 wins.

Lady Coolidge and Dixie Beach were top notch producers. The leading progenitor out of Lady Coolidge was Bert P-227. This great son of Tommy Clegg was a noted sired of halter and performance horses. His AQHA Champions include Bert’s Lady, Janie Bert Watts, Sutherland’s Dwight and Thomas Bert. Thomas Bert was the 1962 AQHA Honor Roll Halter Gelding. Jeanne’s Patsy was a daughter to Bert that was the 1955 AQHA Honor Roll Roping Horse.

Let’s start a look at the pedigree of Unikia and his Lady Coolidge/Dixie Beach influence with Bert P-227. Bert was the sire of a stallion named Roman Nose. Roman Nose was a 1940 gray stallion that sired Unikia. Roman Nose was bred by the Weimer Brothers of Council Hill, Oklahoma. His last owner was Dale Woodrell and Francis Coulter of Terlton, Oklahoma. The dam of Roman Nose was Blue. This mare was sired by Midnight by Badger by Peter McCue. Midnight was a Waggoner Ranch stallion for several years.

Roman Nose,  the sire of Unikia.

Roman Nose (Bert x Blue by Midnight), the sire of Unikia.

Roman Nose earned six halter points in two shows with no wins. This is after the AQHA started keeping records in 1952 which was the year he earned his points. So he was 12 years old when he earned these two points. Roman Nose sired 14 AQHA point earners that earned 466.5 points. His NCHA money earners won $21,300.03 in the cutting pen. Johnny Bert was a 1956 gelding sired by Roman Nose. This horse earned 18 open halter points; 89 open performance points and 52 youth performance points. Another performer sired by Roman Nose was Nifty Poker. This horse earned 51 AQHA performance points earning an AQHA Superior in cutting. This 1959 gelding earned $11,613.12 in NCHA cutting for a Certificate of Ability and NCHA Bronze Award.

The dam of Unikia was a mare named Marler’s Blue. This mare was bred by C. D. Westmorland of Pawhuska, Oklahoma. Her sire was Muskogee Red and this stallion gives Unikia his cross to Dixie Beach, the full sister to Lady Coolidge. Muskogee Red was bred by C. D. Westmorland. He was sired by Little Jodie. Little Jodie was sired by the famous C S Ranch stallion Little Joe Springer. Dixie Beach was the dam of Little Jodie. The dam of Muskogee Red was Trixie Blake, one of the great daughters of Bert P-227. This gives Unikia his second cross to Bert P-227. Trixie Blake was bred by Westmorland.

The dam of Marler’s Blue was Cricket W. This mare was bred by Westmorland. The sire of Cricket W was Chico. Chico was a full brother to the famous stallion San Siemon. The sire of Chico was Zantanon by Little Joe by Traveler. The dam of Chico was Panita by Possum (King) by Traveler. Possum (King) and Little Joe were full brothers. They were out of Jenny. The dam of Cricket W was a mare registered as Lou. Lou was a daughter of Bert P-227 that was bred by Westmorland. This makes Unikia 2 X 4 X 4 linebred to Bert P-227 and 3 X 4 X 5 X 5 to Lady Coolidge and Dixie Beach.

Raymond Newton seem to believe that the mare Marler’s Blue is a key to the ability of Unikia as a cow horse. He talked about it this way, "I was coming back from Colorado and I went to see Roman Nose. I bought a Roman Nose mare out of a Panhandle Man mare. She was a nice mare but she wasn’t anything like Unikia. I saw other people try Roman Nose horses and I couldn’t find one that would compare with the Unikia horse. So in talking to other people, they said it was the Muskogee Red Mare (Marler’s Blue) that caused Unikia to be different."

What makes this statement even more interesting is the fact that Marler’s Blue was the dam of only two Roman Nose foals. They were Unikia and Roany Bert. Roany Bert was purchased by the Knights. She was put into training and shown until an injury stopped her show career. At the time of her injury, she had earned 194 AQHA cutting points with a Superior in that event. Her NCHA record included $8,976.78 with the Certificate of Ability. She was in the NCHA Top Ten in 1965 at number 10. She was injured in 1965. When the injury occurred, she was in the lead for the NCHA World Championship.

Unikia was shown in cutting earning the five points with only $611.15 in NCHA earnings. But Unikia had a show record outside the AQHA and the NCHA by attending frequent cutting in Arkansas that were not sanctioned by any national association. So the tally on his show record is unavailable.

Let’s go back the Marler’s Blue and the significance of the Roman Nose cross. Marler’s Blue was the dam of five performers. Her other performers were Lewis’ Vicky, no points earned and two race performers with no wins in official races and no ROM’s earned. It is at this point that we must point out that the outstanding show gelding Johnny Bert was out of a mare named Lady Joe Hollye. This mare was out of Lady Querida by Newsboy. Newsboy was sired by Yellow Bear, a full brother to Yellow Wolf, the sire of Beetch’s Yellow Jacket, the sire of Lady Coolidge and Dixie Beach.

As a working horse on the ranch, Unikia was an indispensable asset to the working ranch. Newton recalled the following story, "We lost some cattle off a trailer one day. We had another trailer with horses in it. Unikia was one of them and Lucien Tiggert pulled Unikia out and jumped on him right quick. We always had a lariat rope and he grabbed one of them and went down in the ditch after those cows. We never roped on Unikia, but he acted just like he’d been roped on all his life in the pasture and Lucien went to dragging that cow."

Let’s let Mr. Newton gives us some insight into what people thought about the ability of his Unikia, "His full sister (Roany Bert) was being ridden by Leroy Ashcraft and I watched her beat all of the top horses like Cutter Bill and Poco Lena, all the top horses being ridden at that time. She had it and would have been a World Champion, but she was injured and not able to continue her show career."

He continued, "A lot of people told me that Unikia was a better horse than her. The ones that watched both of them. A guy named Rip Collier started the horse when Askew bought them as colts. They were just ratty little colts.

One of those that touted Unikia as a cutting horse was Kenneth Gaylean. Gaylean told Newton, "Unikia can run faster sideways than most horses can go forward." Newton went on to explain that the cutting horse of that time was a horse that went sideways across the arena. They didn’t travel parallel to the cow like they do today.

Frank Clark was no different than the others in his appreciation of Unikia. He remembered when Unikia came on the scene, "He showed up at Raymond Newton’s place in the fall of 1964. He was an eight year old and still steel gray. As good a lookin horse as I think I had seen at that point in time. I didn’t know what a cuttin' horse was till I saw Unikia work a cow. We gathered cattle and we’d roped cattle, but we had never had a cuttin' horse on the place like this horse. It was something to sit back and watch. I was just a kid and I didn’t know any better. He came on the scene and we went to going to cuttins.’ Back then in this part of the country any Sunday afternoon, you could get out of church, go home, get your horse and drive to a cuttin,’ and have plenty of time to do it in. That was in the late 1960's and early 1970's. Then they just died out. I remember going to Poteau in Oklahoma a couple of times, but as far as how he did, I can’t remember."

Clark added, "The NCHA will tell you that Unikia won $641 and I guess that was after they started keeping records. Evidently he didn’t win a lot of money that was accounted for, but I understand there was more won than we know about today."

The sire record of Unikia is a lot like his show record. We have no documentation of the kind of horses he sired because they were not show horses. He had just nine point earners from 14 foals shown, including Miss Wooten, with six AQHA points and $694.74 in NCHA earnings; Unikias Humdinger, 37 open performance points and an ROM; Uniann, NCHA Certificate of Ability with $2,299.16 in earnings; Chicks Unikia, 26.5 youth and open performance points with a top ten placing in the 1985 AQHJA Youth World Show Barrels and Una Mac, an NCHA money earner.

Raymond Newton demonstrated his appreciation of Unikia and his offspring as using horses in his cattle business, "There was a lot of horses throughout the country and we would need an extra gelding or two and I would buy one, but they just didn’t suit me. Unikia and some of his sons would spoil you if you enjoyed riding a sure enough good cow horse. Now some of them wouldn’t suit you, but overall they were the kind of horse that if you called on them, they would do what you wanted, they had a big heart and really would try to work."

Una Mac, the NCHA money earner listed above will take us back to Frank Clark. The dam of Una Mac was a mare named Mac’s Fair Lady, a daughter of Macanudo. Newton brought Macanudo Jr from the King Ranch. Macanudo Jr was sired by Macanudo by Old Sorrel and he was out of Laurelena by Little Richard by Old Sorrel. The dam of Mac’s Fair Lady was Diamond Cabra, a mare the Newton had brought into his broodmare band. She was sired by Parker’s Cabra, a grandson of Plaudit. Diamond Cabra was out of Diamond Doll Parker. She was a granddaughter through her dam to Popcorn, a horse that Newton had a high appreciation for.

Mac’s Fair Lady would mark the beginning of the Frank Clark breeding program. He told how it all came about, "Mac’s Fair Lady was one of a set of fillies born in 1966 out of the Macanudo Jr horse that came into this country from the King Ranch. They were all bright sorrels with one chestnut. They were cow horses. I went off to College and when I came back and went back to work, this mare came available. I went to the bank and borrowed the money to get her. She had a Bar James colt on her side, I bred her three years in a row to Unikia and got a bay filly, a bay filly and Roman Mac, a gray. Roman Mac is now the foundation sire of my breeding program."

Roman Mac,  son of Unikia, reining at age 21. Bred and owned by Frank Clark.

Roman Mac, by Unikia,  started reining and became
an NRHA money earner at the age of 21.

Roman Mac is an interesting stallion. He is a trained cutting horse that won a modest $141.95 in the NCHA after a limited show career. He won his money in two classes placing second both times. Both classes had 15 horses in each class. He was shown for the last time in November 1985 in the NCHA. Then in 1999 Roman Mac entered the reining arena as a 21 year old show horse. Clark tells the story with pride, "We had a kid come back here from California that needed a horse to ride. I saw a chance to take a different path and let people see Roman Mac from a different perspective. The kid showed him in 9 open shows that summer and won or placed in six of them. We qualified him to go to the state open horse show, which is the largest open horse show in the nation. But the person riding the horse is the one that qualifies not the horse and the kid left the country and we couldn’t show him at the state show. But we did take him to an NRHA reining in Pine Bluff and he earned a small check that made him an NRHA money earner, all at the rip old age of 21."

He continued explaining his program this way, "I got my mares out of Unikia and I got my stud colt out of Unikia and I started a small breeding program of my own. I worked up to five mares at that time. I got to breed to the Two Eyed Van horse that Raymond had and the other horse. I got another mare or two to go with Mac’s Fair Lady. Then I got to studying pedigrees of the different horses seeing what people had done before me and how they got there horses. So I thought I’d like to try it because there wasn’t any more Unikias. I did find out there was more of the Roman Nose/Marler’s Blue crosses that I didn’t know about at the time. The thing with me was I wanted to try it to see, number 1, if it would work. And by double breeding or linebreeding, that would give me the hybrid vigor situation that would come out of crossing my inbred/linebred line with other lines."

He continued his explanation, "I started breeding half sisters to my horse and it worked. I got good colts on the ground and I didn’t have any problems. They came out good minded, good boned and with good conformation overall and still be good cow horses. They were aggressive, which is what I like. I think you can take an aggressive horse and if you know how to handle it, you can do a better job of producing show horses than a horse that you have to train them to do everything."

"The other problem I have is that these horses have no show records to prove their ability on paper," confides Clark about his second obstacle in promoting his breeding program. "But the foals are out there."

Despite these problems Clark professes, "Above all, I did it to perpetuate the Unikia horse. I don’t know if anybody else would have done it, but that was my dream and if you don’t have a dream, you can’t do anything and that’s how I got involved."

Clark continued, "As it evolved, I got braver and bred the full sister to Mac and got my black horse, Unikia Two. He was just starting to come into his own as a breeding horse. He was getting uniformity and they had athletic ability and brains. It was looking like that was going to work when he died. He sired only 30 foals."

Undaunted by the loss of Unikia Two, Clark professed his good fortune with a new stallion, "But again I lucked out, I wound up with a bay colt out of a 3/4 sister to Roman Mac and sired by Unikia Two. This breeding pattern allows me to get genetically 50% the blood of Mac’s Fair Lady into my offspring. He’s a bay horse we call JSIX Lil Frank. He’s a real athletic horse, heavy muscled horse with good bone and appears to have that natural cow and the brains. His first cols are on the ground this year and I’m well pleased." JSIX Lil Frank is 3 X 3 X 3 to Unikia and he is 3 X 3 X 2 to Mac’s Fair Lady.

The mare Roman Red Lady is the full sister to Roman Mac and the dam of Unikia Two. This mare is also the dam of several mares that Frank Clark is using in his breeding program. They would include the mares Pistols Laurelena, by Pistols Brownie, a grandson of King’s Pistol and Ms Unikia San, a Mr San Peppy daughter.

The mare Pistols Laurelena is the dam of a good stud colt this year that is sired by JSIX Lil Frank. This colt sold at 45 days of age. The breeding pattern on this colt helps us tell the story of how Clark is proceeding to perpetuate the blood of Unikia. This stout little bay colt is 4 X 4 X 4 X 3 to Unikia. (That means that Unikia shows up four times in the pedigree of this foal–3 times in the fourth generation and once in third generation.) He is 4 X4 X 3 X 3 to Mac’s Fair Lady.

Another foundation mare for Clark is the mare Nifty Joy. This mare has an interesting pedigree. She is sired by Bert’s Bad Boy by Bert P-227. Her dam is Miss Nifty 182 by Nifty Pep. The dam of Miss Nifty 182 is Pep’s Lady 182 by Nifty Pep. This makes Miss Nifty 182 1 X 2 inbred to Nifty Pep by Pep Up, who is sired by Macanudo.

Nifty Joy was crossed on Unikia to produce the mare Nifty Jill. This mare was then crossed on Wimpys Doc to get Wimpys Jill. Wimpys Jill is the dam of Roman Taxman, an AQHA point earner with 4.5 open and amateur performance points in team penning. Roman Mac is the sire of this horse.

The dam of Wimpys Doc is My Dusty’s Daisy by Dusty Wimpy by Silver Wimpy. Mitzy Five is the dam of My Dusty’s Daisy. Her sire is Silver Wimpy. This makes My Dusty’s Daisy 2 X 2 inbred to Silver Wimpy. Silver Wimpy is out of Silver Lucy, a full sister to Macanudo. Silver Wimpy was the sire of the great Marion’s Girl, the 1954 and 1956 NCHA Open World Champion Cutting Horse.

When Clark crossed Wimpys Jill back on Roman Mac, he got the mare JSIX Jill. Of course Roman Mac is sired by Unikia, with his crosses to Lady Coolidge and Dixie Beach. Roman Mac is out of Mac’s Fair Lady by Macanudo Jr by Macanudo. When we combine the sire and dam of JSIX Jill we see she has five crosses to Macanudo and his sister Silver Lucy and it gives her nine crosses to Lady Coolidge and Dixie Beach.

Others are having success with the Unikia breeding supplied by the Clark breeding program. Mike and Jone Martin have a young horse named MMU Two Dusty, who is out of a Sugar Bars bred mare. He is currently in training with Tandy Bradley for a cutting career. MMU Two Dusty, Rooster, as the Martin’s call him, will start his cutting career later this year as an example of the outcrossing ability of the linebred/inbred Unikia horses.

As you can see Unikia made an impact as a legendary show horse and sire without attending the major shows or producing a lot of show horses as a sire. He is truly a blue collar worker that left a strong legacy in the west central Arkansas area. Now Frank Clark is perpetuating the blood of this great horse through his inbreeding and linebreeding program. Only time will tell how successful this breeding program will be, but if the descendants are anything like Unikia, the blood will live for many years and we will have another solid branch of the Lady Coolidge/Dixie Beach family of horse. Good Luck Frank.
~ End

Author Biography

LARRY THORNTON
28322 Highway 64 West, London AR 72847     Phone: 479-885-3144
AUTHOR - PEDIGREE CONSULTANT - QUARTER HORSE BREEDER

LARRY THORNTON
28322 Highway 64 West, London AR 72847    
Phone: 479-885-3144

Copyright (c) 2004, Larry Thornton.  All rights reserved.
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